February 2, 2020   |   by admin

In modern versions of the kernel, these functions are available across all architectures. I posted this also in Ubuntu community, hope I didn’t break any rules. The latter is true of PCI devices, whose addresses are assigned by system software and written to device memory, where they persist only while the device is powered on. Well on an MMU system, by design, you do not have direct access to the physical address space. Like the previous functions, these functions macros are used to write 8-bit, bit, and bit data items. There are also equivalents to memcpy.

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The implementation will vary, however; on some they are macros that expand to pointer operations, and on others they are real functions. Some variants are provided for these functions. This was a sensible choice, since at CPU level everything happens with page-sized granularity.

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ioremap() and memremap()

For now, I understand it the way like this: The returned physical address is the physical CPU mapping for the memory address given. Navigation index next previous The Linux Kernel 4. Sign up using Email and Password. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. It is just iorema more fancy way of calling write.


Physical addresses are of type unsigned long. Because silly provides access to ISA memory, it must start by mapping the physical ISA addresses into kernel virtual addresses. The returned address is not guaranteed to be usable directly as a virtual address. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. What is the right place for ioremap in device driver.

Using I/O Memory – Linux Device Drivers, Second Edition [Book]

There are also equivalents to memcpy. The read function is structured as a switch statement over the different access modes; here is the sillyb case:.

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Essentially writing to memory becomes writing into a file. Memory mapping is one of the most interesting features of modern Unix systems.

These functions are inbinwinloutboutw and outl. I suggest you look into the LDD3 bookit is free.


Linux Device Drivers, Second Edition by Alessandro Rubini, Jonathan Corbet

CinCout 5, 8 34 Are you new to LinuxQuestions. Thus, it can still be necessary to actually devife memory to see what is there.

This is a range of addresses separate to the normal memory address space. They hope these examples will help you to get a better linuc of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.

Linux source code: ioremap identifier (v) – Bootlin

Actually, the L naming used for bit values has become incorrect too, but renaming everything would make things still more confused. This is the role of the ioremap function, introduced in Section 7.

Another important feature of ioremap is the different behavior of the 2. In addition to write posting, on some large multiprocessing systems e. If you’d like to contribute content, let us iorema.